What Do Raccoons Eat?

raccoons eat

Raccoons are intriguing creatures known for their masked faces, ringed tails, and clever antics. As highly adaptable mammals, they can thrive in various environments, including urban areas. One of the key factors contributing to their success is their diverse diet. In this article, we’ll delve into the culinary preferences of these enigmatic animals, exploring what raccoons eat, their natural diet, urban foraging habits, and dispelling common myths about their food choices.

A Closer Look at Raccoons

Before we delve into their diet, it’s essential to understand raccoons themselves. Procyon lotor, commonly known as the raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America. They have a reputation for being omnivorous opportunists, which means they have a varied diet and can adapt to different food sources.

Natural Diet of Raccoons

Omnivorous Appetites

Raccoons are true omnivores, which means they can consume both plant and animal matter. Their diet varies significantly depending on factors such as season and location. In the wild, raccoons primarily consume food that is readily available in their surroundings.

Seasonal Variations

Their diet can change with the seasons. During the warmer months, they tend to consume more vegetation, including fruits, berries, and nuts. In contrast, in the colder months, their diet may shift more towards animal matter, such as insects, small mammals, and bird eggs.

Raccoon Adaptations for Finding Food

Raccoons possess several adaptations that make them adept at finding and procuring food.

Sharp Sense of Smell

One of their most remarkable features is their acute sense of smell. Raccoons can detect scents from a considerable distance, helping them locate potential food sources like rotting fruit or small prey.

Dextrous Paws

Their dextrous front paws function almost like human hands, enabling them to manipulate objects and extract food from a variety of sources. This makes them skilled at raiding trash cans or accessing bird nests.

Can You Eat Raccoon?

Urban Raccoons and Their Diet

Opportunistic Eaters

In urban environments, raccoons have become opportunistic eaters. They have learned to adapt to human presence and capitalize on easily accessible food sources.

Risks of Urban Foraging

While urban raccoons may thrive on handouts and scavenged human food, this adaptation comes with risks. It can lead to conflicts with humans, as raccoons might raid trash cans, damage property, or become a nuisance.

Common Food Sources for Raccoons

Let’s explore some of the common food sources that raccoons rely on in both wild and urban settings.

Fruits and Berries

Raccoons have a sweet tooth for fruits and berries, especially when these are in season. They can often be found raiding fruit trees and berry bushes.

Small Mammals and Insects

Small mammals like rodents and insects form a significant part of a raccoon’s diet, especially during times when plant-based food is scarce.

Bird Eggs and Nestlings

Raccoons are skilled climbers, allowing them to access bird nests in trees. Bird eggs and nestlings are a delicacy for these clever critters.

Human Food

In urban areas, raccoons may scavenge for human food. They are notorious for raiding trash cans, stealing pet food, and even sneaking into kitchens if given the chance.

Are Raccoons a Threat to Pets and Livestock?

Understanding raccoons’ dietary habits is crucial for pet owners and those with livestock.

Precautions for Pet Owners

Pet owners should take precautions to keep their animals safe, especially during the night. Raccoons may view small pets as potential prey or competition for food.

Protecting Livestock

For those with livestock, it’s essential to secure animal enclosures to prevent raccoons from causing harm. Raccoons are known to attack poultry and steal eggs.

Raccoon Diet Myths Debunked

There are some prevalent misconceptions about raccoons’ diets that need clarification.

Myth 1: Raccoons Eat Only Trash

While raccoons are known to scavenge for food in trash cans, they have a much broader diet that includes both plant and animal matter.

Myth 2: Raccoons are Strict Carnivores

Raccoons are omnivores by nature, which means they consume a wide variety of foods, not just meat.


In conclusion, raccoons are highly adaptable animals with a diverse diet. They are omnivorous opportunists, capable of consuming a wide range of foods based on what’s available. Understanding their dietary preferences can help mitigate potential conflicts between raccoons and humans while allowing us to appreciate these clever creatures from a safe distance.

FAQs About Raccoon Diet

1. Do raccoons eat pet food?

Yes, raccoons are known to eat pet food left outside, especially cat and dog food. It’s advisable to bring pet food indoors at night to avoid attracting raccoons.

2. Can raccoons eat vegetables?

Yes, raccoons are known to eat vegetables, including corn and other garden produce. They have a varied diet that includes plant matter.

3. Are raccoons dangerous to small pets?

Raccoons can pose a threat to small pets like cats and small dogs, particularly if left unattended outdoors. It’s essential to supervise your pets and secure outdoor enclosures.

4. Do raccoons eat fish?

Yes, raccoons are opportunistic feeders and may consume fish if they come across them. However, fish is not a primary part of their diet.

5. Are raccoons attracted to bird feeders?

Raccoons are excellent climbers and may attempt to raid bird feeders for the seeds. Using raccoon-proof bird feeders can help deter them.

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