What Do Raccoons Eat in the Wild?

what do raccoons eat

What Do Raccoons Eat?

Are You Curious About What Do Raccoons Eat? Today We will Discuss What Raccoons Eat in the Wild. Raccoons are fascinating creatures known for their mischievous nature and distinct physical features, such as their mask-like facial markings and their agile paws. Found across North America, including the United States, these adaptable mammals have a wide-ranging diet that enables them to thrive in diverse habitats. In this blog post, we will delve into the dietary habits of raccoons in the wild, exploring their food preferences and shedding light on their impressive hunting and foraging skills.

Omnivorous Opportunists – What Do Raccoons Eat?

Raccoons — Procyon lotor — are true omnivores, meaning they consume both plants and animals. Their diet varies depending on the season and the geographical location they inhabit. This flexibility allows raccoons to exploit different food sources and adapt to changing environments. Their opportunistic nature is reflected in their ability to scavenge, hunt, and forage for sustenance.

Read More about What Are The Seven Species Of Raccoons?

Animal Prey – What Do Raccoons Eat?

Raccoons have a knack for capturing small animals, both on land and in water. Their hunting prowess is aided by their sharp canine teeth and dexterous front paws. Some of the animals that raccoons commonly prey upon include:

1. Fish

Raccoons are excellent swimmers, and their ability to catch fish makes them truly versatile foragers. They use their nimble paws to reach into water bodies, often flipping stones or logs in search of aquatic prey. Fish, such as minnows and crayfish, provide a valuable source of protein for raccoons.

2. Crustaceans

Alongside fish, raccoons feed on various crustaceans, including crabs, lobsters, and shrimp. In coastal areas, where these delicacies are abundant, raccoons navigate tidal zones and employ their agile paws to extract meat from shells.

3. Amphibians

Frogs, toads, and salamanders are also on the menu for raccoons. These amphibians are typically found near water bodies, making them easily accessible to raccoons. With their nocturnal habits, raccoons take advantage of low-light conditions to locate and snatch these creatures.

4. Small Mammals

From mice and rats to rabbits and squirrels, raccoons are opportunistic predators when it comes to small mammals. They are skilled climbers and have been known to raid dens or scramble up trees in pursuit of their prey.

Plant-Based Diet – What Do Raccoons Eat?

While raccoons are adept at catching live prey, their diet is not solely reliant on animal sources. In fact, plant-based foods make up a significant portion of their sustenance. Some of the plant materials raccoons consume include:

1. Fruits

Ripe fruits are a favored treat for raccoons. They relish the sweetness and abundance of berries, apples, grapes, and watermelons. Often, raccoons will ravage fruit trees or scavenge in gardens, leaving a trail of half-eaten fruit in their wake.

2. Nuts and Seeds

Raccoons have a penchant for nuts and seeds, which provide them with essential fats and nutrients. Acorns, walnuts, and hazelnuts are particularly sought-after, and raccoons are skillful at removing shells to access the nutritious contents.

3. Vegetation

Green vegetation, including leaves, stems, and shoots, forms an integral part of the raccoon diet. They are known to munch on grasses and plants such as dandelions and clovers. Raccoons’ broad diet helps them maintain a balanced intake of nutrients in varying seasons and locations.

Read More about Where Do Raccoons Live?

Trash and Human Food – What Do Raccoons Eat?

Raccoons have earned a notorious reputation for their scavenging behaviors, particularly with regard to trash cans and human food sources. Their keen sense of smell enables them to detect the scent of potential meals from a distance, and their ingenious problem-solving abilities allow them to access garbage bins or even navigate through open doors or windows in search of an easy feast.

While the consumption of human food is not ideal for raccoons, it demonstrates their adaptability and resilience in urban environments. However, it is crucial for individuals to secure their trash cans and avoid leaving food outdoors to prevent raccoons from becoming habituated to human-centric food sources.


Raccoons, with their omnivorous nature and resourcefulness, have secured their place in the natural world as skillful hunters, foragers, and scavengers. Their diet encompasses a wide variety of animal prey, ranging from fish to small mammals, complemented by an assortment of plant-based foods such as fruits, nuts, and vegetation. As they navigate both natural and human-altered landscapes, raccoons continue to captivate our attention with their versatile and adaptable feeding habits.

To further explore the intriguing world of raccoons and gain a deeper understanding of their dietary preferences, consider observing them in their natural habitats or consulting wildlife experts who can provide valuable insights into the life of these cunning and captivating creatures. So next time you spot a raccoon, take a moment to appreciate its diverse palate and remarkable survival skills.

Frequently asked questions (FAQs) about What Do Raccoons Eat?

  1. What do raccoons eat?
    Raccoons have an omnivorous diet, which includes fruits, nuts, insects, small animals, and even human food scraps.
  2. Are raccoons dangerous to humans?
    While raccoons are generally not aggressive toward humans, they can carry diseases like rabies. It’s essential to avoid close contact and not feed them.
  3. Where do raccoons live?
    Raccoons are highly adaptable and can be found in various habitats, including forests, urban areas, and wetlands. They often den in tree hollows or burrows.
  4. What is the lifespan of a raccoon?
    In the wild, raccoons typically live for 2 to 3 years, but they can reach up to 5 to 7 years in captivity or if they avoid predation and disease.
  5. How can I deter raccoons from my property?
    To discourage raccoons from your property, secure garbage cans, remove food sources, and seal potential entry points to your home. Trapping and relocating raccoons may require permits in some areas, so check local regulations.

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